The Extent of a Maryland Nursing Home’s Duty to Protect Others

Maryland nursing homes have a responsibility to provide a safe environment for residents. But how far does this responsibility go towards others? In a recent case, the plaintiff sued a nursing facility he was shot by a resident. He argued that the facility had a duty to warn others of the danger the resident posed, as her mental health provider.

The Facts

According to the court’s opinion, the resident was living at the defendant facility at the time, which was a therapeutic community residence. The resident had a history of mental illness, including multiple admissions for psychiatric care, restraining orders prohibiting her from contacting certain persons, and a criminal record, which prohibited her from possessing a firearm or other weapons. The resident went to a shooting range and shot the owner of the shooting range in the head and stomach. The owner survived but sustained serious injuries that required constant medical attention for the rest of his life.

The plaintiff claimed that the facility knew or should have known that the resident posed a serious risk of danger to third parties, and had a duty to warn him. The court determined that the facility did not have a duty to prevent the resident from harming the plaintiff. The court explained that the general rule is that there is no duty to act to prevent harm to third persons. The court noted that mental health professionals in that state have a limited duty to take reasonable action to protect identified third parties that their patients have threatened serious physical harm. However, the court found that in this case, the resident had only told the facility that she wanted to go target shooting “as a way for her to deal with aggression.” Accordingly, this did not make the owner part of a determinate and identifiable class that faced a particularized threat, and the facility did not have a duty to protect him or warn him.

Maryland Nursing Homes’ Duty to Protect Others

In general, individuals and entities in Maryland do not have a duty to aid or protect others. Additionally, there is generally no duty to protect others from the criminal acts of a third person. However, a duty may arise from a statute, a contract, or from a special relationship between the party and the third person, or between the party and the other person. For example, a special relationship may exist between a hotel and its guests or between a landlord and its tenants. In the circumstances of injuring a third party, a special relationship may be established based on the inherent nature of the relationship between the parties, or by the undertaking of protection by one party.

Contact a Maryland Nursing Home Attorney

If you believe your loved one may be the victim of nursing home abuse, do not waste any time before contact a Maryland nursing home attorney. Other residents may be at risk. The attorneys at Lebowitz & Mzhen can advise you on the proper steps to take in order to protect others and obtain compensation for your loved one’s injuries. We have decades of experience representing victims throughout Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Contact us for a free consultation by email or by phone toll-free at 1-800-654-1949.

More Blog Posts:

Maryland Nursing Home Arbitration Agreements Must Be Clear to Be Enforceable, Maryland Nursing Home Lawyer Blog, published February 8, 2019.

Many Maryland Nursing Home Residents Have Difficulty Reporting Abuse, Maryland Nursing Home Lawyer Blog, published February 21, 2019.

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