Nursing homes in Maryland are required to meet certain standards under federal and state regulations. For example, Maryland nursing homes must meet state laws and those facilities that accept Medicare and Medicaid patients must also meet federal standards. The Maryland Department of Health’s Long Term Care Unit ensures that state and federal standards are met by conduct site visits, surveys, and investigations.
A nursing home may be liable for injuries to a resident if the home fails to follow federal and state regulations or if it fails to adopt and maintain adequate policies and procedures. Many nursing homes have been criticized for their responses to coronavirus and failures to take adequate measures to protect residents by, for example, failing to quarantine sick residents or to have their staff wear protective equipment. The U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services issued specific COVID-19 guidance in March.
If a Maryland nursing home resident becomes sick with COVID-19, the resident may be able to sue the facility for negligence or wrongful death if it failed to adequately protect residents or if it failed to properly care for the resident. A plaintiff in a Maryland nursing home case must show that the nursing home failed to meet its duty to provide adequate care for the resident based on the circumstances.